Sir Winston Churchill was the eldest son of the aristocrat Lord Randolph Churchill, born on 30th November 1874. He is best known for his stubborness yet courageous leadership as Prime Minister for Great Britain when he led the British people from the brink of defeat during World War II. Following his graduation from the Royal Military College in Sandhurst he was commissioned in the Forth Hussars in February 1895. As a war correspondent he was captured during the Boer War. After his escape he became a National Hero. Ten month later he was elected as a member of the Conservative Party. In 1904 he joined the Liberal Party where he became the president of the Board of Trade.It was in 1910 he became Home Secretary where he worked with David Lloyd George. In 1911 he left the Home Office and became first Lord of the Admiralty. His career was almost destroyed as a result of the unsuccessful Gallipoli campaign during the First World War. He was forced to resign from the Admiralty. However, he returned to Government as the Minister of Munition in 1917. In this year he joined the coalition party in which he was a member until it collapsed in 1922 when for two years he was out of Parliament. He returned to the conservative government in 1924 and was given the job of Chancellor of the Exchequer. For ten years during the depression Churchill was denied cabinet office. His backing and support for King Edward VIII during his abdication were frowned upon by the national government. However in September 1939, when Nazi Germany declared war on Poland, the public supported him in his views. Once again Neville Chamberlain appointed him First Lord of the Admiralty on September 3rd, 1939.In 1940 Churchill succeeded Chamberlain as prime minister and during World War II he successfully secured military aid and moral support from the United States. He travelled endlessly during the war establishing close ties with leaders of other nations and co-ordinated a military strategy which subsequently ensured Hitler's defeat.His tireless efforts gained admiration from all over the world. He was defeated however during the 1945 election by the Labour party who ruled until 1951. Churchill regained his power in 1951 and lead Britain once again until 5th April 1955 when ill health forced him to resign. He spent much of his latter years writing (The History of the English-Speaking People) and painting. In recognition of this historical studies he received the Nobel Price for Literature in 1953 and in 1963 the US Congress conferred on him honorary American citizenship.In 1965, at the age of 90 he died of a stroke. His death marked the end of an era in British History and he was given a state funeral and was buried in St. Martin's Churchyard, Bladon, Oxfordshire. During all of his life he had served no less than six British monarchs: Queen Victoria, Edward VII, George IV, Edward VIII, George VI and Elisabeth II.
Julian Kitchen Lamar Miller was born in Augusta, Georgia, on 14 October 1893. and died at t his home in Atlanta, Georgia, on 8 September 1967. A well-known portrait and landscape artist who had many thousands of paintings to his credit, including portraits of many truly famous persons. The son of a newspaper publisher, Frank Harvey Miller of Montgomery, Alabama, and Maria Cumming Lamar. He had started painting at the age of 11, and in the next 10 years his work began to attract attention. His family, however, felt that a military background would greatly improve his education. So, on 15 June 1915, Jake entered the Academy. Throughout his later career as a portrait painter, Jake always gave much credit to his West Point education as a good source of art inspiration as well as the mechanics of painting that filled out the gaps of his European school and metropolitan art center training. Upon graduation from West Point on 12 June 1918, Jake became a Second Lieutenant, Infantry, U.S. Army and was assigned to the 20th Infantry. After serving as a student officer at the Infantry School of Arms from 6 July to 30 September 1918 at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, he was assigned and helped train the 10th Division at Camp Funston, Kansas. From Camp Funston, Jake moved to France with the Advance School Detachment 10th Division and became a student officer at Gondrecourt. He returned to the United States 28 October 1918 and remained with troops until 15 January 1919 when he was transferred to Rock Island, Illinois, he resigned his commission on 16 July 1919 and moved to Chicago with his temporary address appropriately enough in the Fine Arts Building on Michigan Boulevard. From Chicago it was a short step to New York City where he opened his studio. On 10 March 1920 he married Lucy Hamilton Armes, also an artist and prominent socially in Washington. They lived in an apartment at the National Art Club in New York City. Divorced, Jake subsequently, in 1937, married Wilmethe Kershaw of St. Louis, who had carved her acting career in England, gaining fame through the years until she became the head of England’s National Theater.Jake maintained his New York City studio for many years. Early in his career, 1922, by decree of the Supreme Court of New York City he had his name changed to Julian Lamar in honor of his mother's family and giving himself a shorter and easier name to remember in the art world. And his fame as a portrait painter increased in stature. By intense study of the portrait subject, especially the eyes, he seemed to have a genius for transferring personality into cold cloth. From his home studio in New York, he was now travelling to Chicago. Southampton, Boston, Newport, Pittsburgh, Palm Beach, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Wilmington, Minneapolis, St. Paul, St. Louis, Denver, and throughout the deep South, painting his subjects in their native surroundings. Now, after many years of palette and brush, Julian Lamar became a name to conjure with among the portrait painters of America. He had transferred to canvas the personality, character, and facial features of many thousands of persons, a large majority being celebrities, many truly famous names such as: the Oyster Bay Roosevelts; Prime Minister Winston Chuchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, both paintings now hang in the Hyde Park gallery; Ceneral Douglas MacArthur; Dr. Franklin H. Martin, President, American College of Surgeons; Walter Carpenter, President, DuPont Company and his wife of Wilmington, Delaware; Governor Frank Dixon of Alabama; John Grier Hibban, Nassau Hall, Princeton; Henry Fairfield Osborn, Curator, American Museum of Natural History. The Augusta Chronicle Herald in “What Goes Here,” its Sunday Feature Section, 3 March 1968 wrote, ‘‘The late Julian Lamar contributed much to the community—especially in the field of art. He painted many notebale Americans including F.D. Roosevelt which is now in the FD Roosevelt museum in Hyde. Lamar painted Winston Churchill in 1942 for F D Roosevelt. And it was presented to Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1942; it now hangs in the Franklin D. Roosevelt presidential library in Hyde Park, NY, This portrait is a study for the completed portrait. There is also another full length version which is now in the governement art collection, it was given to the British Embassy by Wilette Kershaw, Lamar in 1943, where it still hangs today. List of some of hisother notebale portraits are : Franklin D. Roosevelt Portrait of Gertrude Bass Warner, 1927 Lucius Q. C. Lamar, The Collection of the Supreme Court of the United States Joseph Rucker Lamar, Supreme Court Justice Mrs. Francis S. Whitten, 1926; appeared in Harper's Magazine Frank Harvey Miller III Princes Augusta Self-portrait, 1935 and 1940